h

hedge accounting

Hedge accounting allows companies to recognise gains and losses on hedging instruments and the exposure they are intended to hedge, with both being registered in the same accounting period. This procedure reduces income statement volatility that would otherwise arise if both elements were accounted for separately.The financial instruments standard that deals with the accounting of […]

hedge effectiveness

Hedge effectiveness is the extent to which changes in the value of a given exposure (the hedged item) are offset by an opposing change in the value of the financial derivative (the hedging instrument). Under hedge accounting, hedge effectiveness is measured with three criteria: Economic relationship. There must be an inverse relationship between the change […]

hedge effectiveness ratio

The hedge effectiveness ratio —in a typical cash flow hedge of a forecast transaction— measures the accuracy of a hedge by comparing, at each reporting date, the fair value of the forecasted transaction and the fair value of the hedging item. For example if, three months after inception, the fair value of the forecast transaction […]

hedge effectiveness testing

Hedge effectiveness testing is the set of procedures that firms implementing Hedge Accounting under IFRS 9 are allowed to implement to test the effectiveness of their hedges.The two most commonly used methods of hedge effectiveness testing are the ‘Dollar offset method’ and the ‘Critical match method’. The dollar offset method is a quantitative method that […]

hedge ratio

The hedge ratio is the ratio of a hedged exposure to the entire corresponding exposure. A firm with high forecast accuracy can apply a higher hedge ratio to distant exposures than a firm with low forecast accuracy. In hedging programs that combine budget hedging with hedging based on SO/POs, a given hedge ratio is applied […]

hedge relationship

The hedge relationship is an accounting term that describes the accordance between all the key components of FX hedging, including: the firm’s objectives and strategies, the nature of the hedge, the hedging instrument, the hedged item, how the hedge ratio is determined and the analysis of possible sources of ineffectiveness. When applying Hedge accounting, the […]

hedged item

Under Hedge accounting, a hedged item can be a recognised asset or liability (AR/AP, account receivable/payable), an unrecognised firm commitment (SO/PO, sales order/purchase order), a forecast transaction or a net investment in a foreign operation. The hedged item can be a single item (for example, an individual transaction) or a group of items (for example, […]

hedging instrument

A hedging instrument is a financial derivative, usually a forward contract, used in FX hedging. When currency rates change, the hedging instrument creates an offsetting financial position that compensates the corresponding change in the hedged currency exposure. In Hedge Accounting, companies must provide documentation regarding the inverse relationship between the change in the value of […]

hedging strategy

A hedging strategy or program is a set of procedures that allows a company to achieve its goals in terms of managing currency risk. It is based on the business specifics of the company, including its pricing parameters, the location of its competitors, the weight of FX in the business. A hedging strategy or program […]

hedging strategy

A hedging strategy or program is a set of procedures that allows a company to achieve its goals in terms of managing currency risk. It is based on the business specifics of the company, including its pricing parameters, the location of its competitors, the weight of FX in the business. A hedging strategy or program […]