target redemption forward

A target redemption forward is a foreign exchange product that allows the holder, usually a corporate, to buy or sell a currency at an enhanced rate for a number of expiry dates, with zero upfront premium. The product automatically expires if the enhanced rate reaches a target level. But if spot moves in the wrong […]

target redemption forward (TARF)

Un “Target Redemption Forward” o una “Target redemption Note” son productos financieros estructurados que engloban una serie de contratos a plazo. Estos productos ofrecen al comprador un tipo de cambio a plazo más conveniente que con el seguro de cambio estándar, a condición de que el precio spot se encuentre por encima de un determinado […]

taux mid-market

Le taux mid-market, également appelé taux interbancaire, est le point médian entre le taux de change d’achat et le taux de change de vente de deux devises, c’est-à-dire ce que l’acheteur est disposé à payer et ce que le vendeur est disposé à vendre. Un taux mid-market véritablement appliqué est considéré comme le taux le […]

trade repository

A trade repository (TR) is defined by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) as “an entity that centrally collects and maintains records of securities financing transactions”. For the TR, this means validating, storing and matching transaction reports, making those reports available to authorised regulators and aggregating and anonymising the reported data as public information. […]

trading platforms

Trading platforms, also known as electronic trading platforms, are software programs provided by third parties that allow investors and traders to access, monitor and operate in the financial markets in exchange for a fixed fee, at a discount rate or, in some cases, for free. The Internet and financial technology developments have provided investors with […]

transaction cost analysis (tca)

Transaction Cost Analysis (TCA) is the study of trade prices to determine whether past trades were arranged at favourable prices—low prices for purchases and high prices for sales. At the heart of TCA is the difference between the cost of the transaction at the time the manager decided to execute it and the actual cost, […]

transaction exposure

Transaction exposure is the degree to which future FX-denominated cash flows from contractually binding transactions are affected by currency fluctuations. Transaction exposure exists whether or not the corresponding receivables/payables have been created. Some elements of transaction exposure are included in the firm’s accounting exposure This is the case of AR/AP receivables/payables) that have been created […]

transaction exposure management

Transaction exposure management is the hedging of future FX-denominated cash flows that result from contractually binding transactions, whether or not the corresponding receivables/payables have been created. In transaction exposure management, currency forwards are booked for SO/POs (sales orders/purchase orders) and/or AR/AP (accounts receivable/accounts payable). Transaction exposure management requires constant vigilance, as new orders keep on […]

transaction internationale

Une transaction internationale est une opération dépassant les frontières nationales entre généralement deux ou parfois trois devises, si une monnaie de réserve comme le dollar est utilisée. L’exception à cette règle est lorsque deux entreprises de deux pays de la zone euro commercent entre eux car ils utilisent la même monnaie, l’euro. Exemple d’une transaction […]

transaction risk

Transaction risk is the possibility of incurring future gains or losses on foreign currency-denominated existing transactions, as FX rates fluctuate between the moment the transaction is agreed and the moment it is settled. Transaction risk is measured currency by currency. Transactions go through several phases: forecast, firm commitment (sales order/purchase order), balance sheet items (accounts […]