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Glossary

Navigate the complex world of currency management with our comprehensive dictionary of financial terms and definitions.

Foreign Currency Monetary Items

Foreign currency monetary items are FX-denominated assets and liabilities representing a claim to receive, or an obligation to pay, a fixed amount of foreign currency units. Examples of foreign currency monetary items are FX-denominated cash positions, accounts payable and receivable, and long-term debt. By contrast, non-monetary foreign currency items include inventory, fixed assets and long-term investments. The distinction between foreign currency monetary and non-monetary items is relevant in terms of the different techniques used in FX translation methods. With the monetary/nonmonetary method, monetary items such as cash, accounts receivable and payable, are translated at the current exchange rate, while nonmonetary items (inventory, fixed assets) are translated at the historical exchange rate.