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Traceability
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How to achieve perfect traceability

If you can’t trace it, you can’t manage it! In this article, we will discuss an overlooked but important feature in currency management: traceability. End-to-end traceability enhances the quality of FX management and allows you to remove unnecessary costs and operational risks.

What is traceability?

From an accounting perspective, traceability is the ability to follow a business transaction back to the originating document. It is a key concept for auditors as they need systems with a high degree of traceability to assist them in verifying the transactions included in financial statements. 

From the point of view of industrial applications, traceability is about identifying products throughout the supply chain and supporting supply chain visibility. Obviously, this can be a major concern in industries with health or environmental concerns. 

Traceability in the context of foreign exchange management

But what does traceability mean in the context of foreign currency management? Individual pieces of exposure are known as entries. Entries are grouped into positions. When positions are hedged, they become operations, and they can lead to single or multiple payments.

Traceability is the fact that each element has its own unique reference number in the journey from entry to payment. In addition, payments carry the operation reference within their SWIFT message, allowing funds to be traced throughout the entire payment process.

Whenever a position is hedged, it is possible to trace it back to the original entries, including the exchange rate. That’s what Currency Management Automation does. We call it perfect end-to-end traceability.

An overlooked, but essential element in currency management

Let me present two examples that allow us to understand the importance of traceability in the context of currency management. 

When individual pieces of exposures are aggregated, you may benefit from lower trading costs and perhaps more time for scanning netting opportunities and even savings in terms of forward points if they are not in your favour. But, in the absence of perfect traceability, you’d be hard-pressed to calculate your profit margins adequately. It would be quite challenging to determine what purchase corresponds to what sale and at what exchange rate each transaction took place.

In the context of a combination of hedging programs for which you want to apply Hedge Accounting, if the budgeted exposure has been hedged, you still need to process firm sales/purchase orders.

Why? Because to compile the required documentation, you need to trace these hedged items to the corresponding hedging instrument, including its value date and exchange rate. This would be an extremely time-consuming activity in the absence of perfect traceability. 

Summary and conclusion

Traceability is an important yet somewhat neglected concept. You are unlikely to find many references to traceability in textbooks on FX management. It allows treasurers to drill down to the smallest piece of exposure to obtain the required data granularity

Just imagine the number of required resources when these tasks are manually performed! In normal times, this alone is a good reason to automate their FX risk management programs. When supply chains are in turmoil, as is happening right now, traceability becomes a must.

Currency Management Automation solutions, working alongside your existing systems, allow you to achieve that perfect, end-to-end traceability. And remember: the time to act is now!